Rakhim M. Khaitov
Doctor of medical sciences (MD), Professor, Academician of RAS
R.M. Khaitov is a leading specialist in the field of immunology and allergology. The works of academician R.M. Khaitov made a significant impact on the development of Russian and world science, he made a great contribution to the formation of modern immunology in its most important areas – fundamental, applied and educational. In 1967 R.M. Khaitov excellently graduated the Samarkand state medical Institute, in 1968 received PhD degree, in 1973 – doctoral degree (MD). In 1980, R.M. Khaitov became a professor, in 1991 he was elected as corresponding member of the RAMS, in 1997 – became a full member of the RAMS, in 2006 - a full member (fellow) of the RAS. R.M. Khaitov was one of the founders of the Institute of immunology – the leading scientific institution in Russia in this field. From 1988 to 2015 he was the director of the Institute, now he is its scientific advisor.
The works of R.M. Khaitov made a great contribution to the development of basic concepts of immune system, including the mechanisms of migration and regulation of differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells, described the mechanisms of regulation by the thymus and pituitary-adrenal system. R.M. Khaitov discovered peptide mediators of bone marrow, discovered and investigated previously unknown subpopulations of immunocytes. The immune response regulating part of the human genome has been studied at the proteomic and molecular genetic levels. The development of this problem is closely associated with prospects in gene diagnostics and personalized medicine, treatment of oncological, autoimmune, infectious and allergic diseases. The main areas of scientific interests of R.M. Khaitov include immunogenetics, immunoregulation, vaccinology, pathogenesis and immunotherapy of allergic diseases, cancer immunology and immunotherapy, molecular immunology.
R.M. Khaitov created new principles of design of vaccinating preparations with increased protective properties – vaccines of new generation. These vaccines are widely used in clinical practice in Russia and abroad (vaccines against influenza, typhoid, dysentery). Basically new vaccines for the treatment of allergies prepared for the production. A number of new effective drugs widely used in practical medicine have been developed by R.M. Khaitov and his colleagues for the treatment of immune disorders (polyoxidonium, tactivin, myelopid, immunomax, etc.). Innovative immunomodulatory drugs for cancer therapy have also been developed. R. M. Khaitov and his colleagues created a wide range of innovative systems for diagnostics of infections, allergies, immunopathologies, developed and innovative methods of gene typing of the immune response and evaluation of their functions. Currently, these reagents and devices are used in Russian Federation and abroad.
R.M. Khaitov has published more than 1000 scientific works, including 20 monographs and national guides, 10 textbooks on immunology, many of them have been translated into foreign languages. He is the author of 27 patents and copyright certificates, 3 international patents. R.M. Khaitov created a big scientific school. He was scientific advisor of 38 doctors and 69 candidates of sciences.
R.M. Khaitov is the President of the Russian Association of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (RAACI), represents Russia in the leading international scientific organizations – EAACI and WAO (R.M.Khaitov is a member of the Councils of National societies).
Journal “Immunologiya” was established in 1980 with the direct participation of R.M. Khaitov For a long time he is Editor-in-Chief of this journal.